The HCI Stereo Metrics: Geometry-Aware Performance Analysis of Stereo Algorithms

Katrin Honauer, Lena Maier-Hein, Daniel Kondermann; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015, pp. 2120-2128

Abstract


Performance characterization of stereo methods is mandatory to decide which algorithm is useful for which application. Prevalent benchmarks mainly use the root mean squared error (RMS) with respect to ground truth disparity maps to quantify algorithm performance. We show that the RMS is of limited expressiveness for algorithm selection and introduce the HCI Stereo Metrics. These metrics assess stereo results by harnessing three semantic cues: depth discontinuities, planar surfaces, and fine geometric structures. For each cue, we extract the relevant set of pixels from existing ground truth. We then apply our evaluation functions to quantify characteristics such as edge fattening and surface smoothness. We demonstrate that our approach supports practitioners in selecting the most suitable algorithm for their application. Using the new Middlebury dataset, we show that rankings based on our metrics reveal specific algorithm strengths and weaknesses which are not quantified by existing metrics. We finally show how stacked bar charts and radar charts visually support multidimensional performance evaluation. An interactive stereo benchmark based on the proposed metrics and visualizations is available at: http://hci.iwr.uni-heidelberg.de/stereometrics

Related Material


[pdf]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Honauer_2015_ICCV,
author = {Honauer, Katrin and Maier-Hein, Lena and Kondermann, Daniel},
title = {The HCI Stereo Metrics: Geometry-Aware Performance Analysis of Stereo Algorithms},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2015}
}