Gaussian Conditional Random Field Network for Semantic Segmentation

Raviteja Vemulapalli, Oncel Tuzel, Ming-Yu Liu, Rama Chellapa; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2016, pp. 3224-3233

Abstract


In contrast to the existing approaches that use discrete Conditional Random Field (CRF) models, we propose to use a Gaussian CRF model for the task of semantic segmentation. We propose a novel deep network, which we refer to as Gaussian Mean Field (GMF) network, whose layers perform mean field inference over a Gaussian CRF. The proposed GMF network has the desired property that each of its layers produces an output that is closer to the maximum a posteriori solution of the Gaussian CRF compared to its input. By combining the proposed GMF network with deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), we propose a new end-to-end trainable Gaussian conditional random field network. The proposed Gaussian CRF network is composed of three sub-networks: (i) a CNN-based unary network for generating unary potentials, (ii) a CNN-based pairwise network for generating pairwise potentials, and (iii) a GMF network for performing Gaussian CRF inference. When trained end-to-end in a discriminative fashion, and evaluated on the challenging PASCALVOC 2012 segmentation dataset, the proposed Gaussian CRF network outperforms various recent semantic segmentation approaches that combine CNNs with discrete CRF models.

Related Material


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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Vemulapalli_2016_CVPR,
author = {Vemulapalli, Raviteja and Tuzel, Oncel and Liu, Ming-Yu and Chellapa, Rama},
title = {Gaussian Conditional Random Field Network for Semantic Segmentation},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2016}
}