Sublabel-Accurate Relaxation of Nonconvex Energies

Thomas Mollenhoff, Emanuel Laude, Michael Moeller, Jan Lellmann, Daniel Cremers; Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2016, pp. 3948-3956


We propose a novel spatially continuous framework for convex relaxations based on functional lifting. Our method can be interpreted as a sublabel-accurate solution to multilabel problems. We show that previously proposed functional lifting methods optimize an energy which is linear between two labels and hence require (often infinitely) many labels for a faithful approximation. In contrast, the proposed formulation is based on a piecewise convex approximation and therefore needs far fewer labels - see Fig. 1. In comparison to recent MRF-based approaches, our method is formulated in a spatially continuous setting and shows less grid bias. Moreover, in a local sense, our formulation is the tightest possible convex relaxation. It is easy to implement and allows an efficient primal-dual optimization on GPUs. We show the effectiveness of our approach on several computer vision problems.

Related Material

author = {Mollenhoff, Thomas and Laude, Emanuel and Moeller, Michael and Lellmann, Jan and Cremers, Daniel},
title = {Sublabel-Accurate Relaxation of Nonconvex Energies},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2016}