Multiple Instance Learning for Soft Bags via Top Instances

Weixin Li, Nuno Vasconcelos; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2015, pp. 4277-4285

Abstract


A generalized formulation of the multiple instance learning problem is considered. Under this formulation, both positive and negative bags are soft, in the sense that negative bags can also contain positive instances. This reflects a problem setting commonly found in practical applications, where labeling noise appears on both positive and negative training samples. A novel bag-level representation is introduced, using instances that are most likely to be positive (denoted top instances), and its ability to separate soft bags, depending on their relative composition in terms of positive and negative instances, is studied. This study inspires a new large-margin algorithm for soft-bag classification, based on a latent support vector machine that efficiently explores the combinatorial space of bag compositions. Empirical evaluation on three datasets is shown to confirm the main findings of the theoretical analysis and the effectiveness of the proposed soft-bag classifier.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Li_2015_CVPR,
author = {Li, Weixin and Vasconcelos, Nuno},
title = {Multiple Instance Learning for Soft Bags via Top Instances},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2015}
}