Capturing Complex Spatio-temporal Relations among Facial Muscles for Facial Expression Recognition

Ziheng Wang, Shangfei Wang, Qiang Ji; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2013, pp. 3422-3429

Abstract


Spatial-temporal relations among facial muscles carry crucial information about facial expressions yet have not been thoroughly exploited. One contributing factor for this is the limited ability of the current dynamic models in capturing complex spatial and temporal relations. Existing dynamic models can only capture simple local temporal relations among sequential events, or lack the ability for incorporating uncertainties. To overcome these limitations and take full advantage of the spatio-temporal information, we propose to model the facial expression as a complex activity that consists of temporally overlapping or sequential primitive facial events. We further propose the Interval Temporal Bayesian Network to capture these complex temporal relations among primitive facial events for facial expression modeling and recognition. Experimental results on benchmark databases demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach in recognizing facial expressions based purely on spatio-temporal relations among facial muscles, as well as its advantage over the existing methods.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Wang_2013_CVPR,
author = {Wang, Ziheng and Wang, Shangfei and Ji, Qiang},
title = {Capturing Complex Spatio-temporal Relations among Facial Muscles for Facial Expression Recognition},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2013}
}