Detection- and Trajectory-Level Exclusion in Multiple Object Tracking

Anton Milan, Konrad Schindler, Stefan Roth; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2013, pp. 3682-3689

Abstract


When tracking multiple targets in crowded scenarios, modeling mutual exclusion between distinct targets becomes important at two levels: (1) in data association, each target observation should support at most one trajectory and each trajectory should be assigned at most one observation per frame; (2) in trajectory estimation, two trajectories should remain spatially separated at all times to avoid collisions. Yet, existing trackers often sidestep these important constraints. We address this using a mixed discrete-continuous conditional random field (CRF) that explicitly models both types of constraints: Exclusion between conflicting observations with supermodular pairwise terms, and exclusion between trajectories by generalizing global label costs to suppress the co-occurrence of incompatible labels (trajectories). We develop an expansion move-based MAP estimation scheme that handles both non-submodular constraints and pairwise global label costs. Furthermore, we perform a statistical analysis of ground-truth trajectories to derive appropriate CRF potentials for modeling data fidelity, target dynamics, and inter-target occlusion.

Related Material


[pdf]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Milan_2013_CVPR,
author = {Milan, Anton and Schindler, Konrad and Roth, Stefan},
title = {Detection- and Trajectory-Level Exclusion in Multiple Object Tracking},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2013}
}