Boundary Detection Benchmarking: Beyond F-Measures

Xiaodi Hou, Alan Yuille, Christof Koch; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2013, pp. 2123-2130


For an ill-posed problem like boundary detection, human labeled datasets play a critical role. Compared with the active research on finding a better boundary detector to refresh the performance record, there is surprisingly little discussion on the boundary detection benchmark itself. The goal of this paper is to identify the potential pitfalls of today's most popular boundary benchmark, BSDS 300. In the paper, we first introduce a psychophysical experiment to show that many of the "weak" boundary labels are unreliable and may contaminate the benchmark. Then we analyze the computation of f-measure and point out that the current benchmarking protocol encourages an algorithm to bias towards those problematic "weak" boundary labels. With this evidence, we focus on a new problem of detecting strong boundaries as one alternative. Finally, we assess the performances of 9 major algorithms on different ways of utilizing the dataset, suggesting new directions for improvements.

Related Material

author = {Hou, Xiaodi and Yuille, Alan and Koch, Christof},
title = {Boundary Detection Benchmarking: Beyond F-Measures},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2013}