Label-Embedding for Attribute-Based Classification

Zeynep Akata, Florent Perronnin, Zaid Harchaoui, Cordelia Schmid; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2013, pp. 819-826


Attributes are an intermediate representation, which enables parameter sharing between classes, a must when training data is scarce. We propose to view attribute-based image classification as a label-embedding problem: each class is embedded in the space of attribute vectors. We introduce a function which measures the compatibility between an image and a label embedding. The parameters of this function are learned on a training set of labeled samples to ensure that, given an image, the correct classes rank higher than the incorrect ones. Results on the Animals With Attributes and Caltech-UCSD-Birds datasets show that the proposed framework outperforms the standard Direct Attribute Prediction baseline in a zero-shot learning scenario. The label embedding framework offers other advantages such as the ability to leverage alternative sources of information in addition to attributes (e.g. class hierarchies) or to transition smoothly from zero-shot learning to learning with large quantities of data.

Related Material

author = {Akata, Zeynep and Perronnin, Florent and Harchaoui, Zaid and Schmid, Cordelia},
title = {Label-Embedding for Attribute-Based Classification},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2013}